Caring, propagation, descriptions and other information for each species is provided. World programme for the census of agriculture 2010. Botanical name of fruit apple is malus domestica botanical name of fruit apricot is prunus armeniaca botanical name of fruit avocado is persea botanical name of fruit banana is musa botanical name of fruit blackberry is rubus fruticosus botanical name of fruit blackcurrant is. Classification and botanical description of legumes academics. Difference between cereals and pulses difference between. In many publications and correspondence, they are simply called grains or cereals. The united nations food and agriculture organization fao recognizes 11 types of pulses. Cardamom smallelettaria cardamomum maton zingiberaceae fruit,seed cardamom large amomum subulatum roxb. Botanical or scientific name for fruits dailyonefruit. Difference between pulses and cereals origin of pulses and cereals. Kikar mimosaceae india and tropical africa used for making furnitures, tanning, dyeing fabrics yellow, stem yields gum while. Crop name botanical name icc code previous code 1 garlic, dry allium sativum 233 1. As of 2012, the top 5 cereals in the world ranked on the basis of production tonnage are maize corn, rice paddy, wheat, barley and sorghum.
Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids. Cereals comes from the poaceae family whereas the pulses come from the legume family, also called the fabaceae family. The plant naming system was devised by the swedish botanist, carl linnaeus 1707 1778, in the mid 18th century. Grain legumes or pulses are not exactly the same as legumes. Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. It is previously done by frlht ive mentioned it in the post. Other major producers were poland, the united kingdom, and mozambique. Europe pmc is a service of the europe pmc funders group, in partnership with the european bioinformatics institute. The book has an alphabetical list of over 3,000 latin names which also tells you how to pronounce each word. Commonname scientificname type plantfamily nativeregion.
Legumes, or pulses, are flowering plants in the leguminosae family. There are, however, many horticultural and botanical publications in which plant names are used in a casual manner, or are misspelled, or are given meanings. Scientific names or binomial nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from latin. The crops which are grown for incorporating plant materials in soil at green stage for improving the soil, are known as green manuring crops. This is a list of plants organized by their common names. The fabaceae or leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants. Pulses may be defined as the dried edible seeds of cultivated legume. Some of the botanical literature gives full citation of plant names and translations of the names, as well as common names. Common, tagalog, and scientific names of fruits and. Nutritionally, legume seeds are two to three times richer. Classification and organisation entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular. There are a lot of leguminous plants papilionaceae which produce edible beans.
Different types of pulses and their health benefits. Indian rabi pulses lentils, desi and kabuli chana scenario. Plants are given common names on an adhoc basis in different localities, regions and languages around the world so a single plant may have dozens of different common names. Asked in school subjects, electronics engineering, waves vibrations and oscillations, welding and cutting what are the advantages of pulses. Waec gce past questions and answers free download pdf all. The victorians fondness for two flower names rose and lily clearly ignited their passion for all sorts of names with botanical elements. Be aware, however, notice is given that botanical scientific names.
Az list of house plants common and scientific names. Dhal whole, dhal split nutrient nutrient composition100g edible portion seeds, whole, raw seeds, split, raw moisture, g 10. Nov 26, 2007 now we come to the issue of pronunciation, which probably scares more people away from the use of botanical names than anything else. Certain kinds of pulses can be skinned and partially crushed or split toremove the seedcoat, but the resulting products are still considered raw for classification purposes. Classification and botanical description of legumes. Botanical names of essential aromatherapy oils here is a listing of the botanical names of many essential oils. Pdf crop plants of india a check list of scientific names.
The word legumes or leguminous plants is a collective term for all plants under family leguminosae or fabaceae. Pdf scientific names of crop plants are adopted and where required modified according to a standard set of rules. Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for human consumption, for livestock forage and silage, and as soilenhancing green manure. In 2017, india was the largest producer of pulses with 23% of the world total table and also largest importer of pulses in the world. Everyone feels unsure, or possibly embarrassed at times, trying to pronounce botanical names in the company of others especially if the others is perceived as more knowledgeable. List of cereal crops and general info about cereals. Botanical and common names, families, distribution and. Abaca manila hemp musa textilis alfalfa for fodder medicago sativa alfalfa for seed medicago sativa almond prunus dulcis anise seeds pimpinella anisum apple malus sylvestris apricot prunus armeniaca areca betel nut areca catechu. Maybe you know the common name of the plant and you want to know the botanical name, we provide a list of common names with the cooresponding botanical name. Dhal, steamed, ground, fried as fritter type of procurement.
The pulses are a large family and various species are capable or surviving in very different climates and soils. Plant names is a plain english guide to the use of plant names and the conventions for writing them as governed by the international code of botanical nomenclature and the international code of nomenclature for cultivated plants. Each is listed below, along with its code, its botanical name, or names, and a short description. You can test your knowledge about the botanical names. In this post, i will show how the botanical names are structured and how to write them correctly. Commlistsnsycommon name to botanical 809 the agricultural extension service offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, religion or veteran status, and is an equal opportunity. Icncp and by the international code of botanical nomenclature icbn for wild and weedy species. It covers the naming of wild plants, plants modified by humans, why plant names change, their pronunciation and hints to help remember them. It derives from puls or porridge, a cooked bean dish which the ancient romans were fond of eating. Classification and botanical description of legumes legumes, or pulses, are flowering plants in the leguminosae family. A group of plant which are grown or harvested for obtaining yield, and has economic. Identification of major agronomic crops and study of their local names, english names, botanical names and families mirza hasanuzzaman, phd professor department of agronomy sherebangla agricultural university sau email. Adzuki bean, azuki bean, adanka bean vigna angularis, syn. The word legume is derived from the latin verb legere which means to gather.
Spices of india spices under the purview of the spices board english common botanical family partused name name name as spice 1. Glossary of pulses, cereals, spices, indian names for common. Home biology common botanical name of grass, weed and their descriptiion of characteristics common botanical name of grass, weed and their descriptiion of characteristics. However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names, in other words using binomials or latin names. They belong to the family of peas, beans and lentils. Heres a detailed glossary that will help you search for relevant english names for most of the food products that add to the distinct taste of the indian cuisine. List of pulses or grain legumes and their various names legume. When legumes and cereals are eaten together, they provide complete protein nutrition.
For example, if youre searching for information on buxus sempervirens a type of boxwood, look under the section titled scientific names of plants, ab, where the names of all of the entries starting with either an a or a b are housed. It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are easily recognized by their fruit and their compound, stipulate leaves. Common name to botanical name tennessee state university. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 1. General plantlist from victoria garden, sorted by botanical name 690 different plants general lists natives plant types bulbs trees shrubs grasses. Nov 14, 2018 or worse, that you have been using the wrong essential oil, or using it inappropriately. Lets look through the most common nigerian weeds and their botanical names. Both cereals and pulses are classified as grains which are produced for human and animal consumption. Common names and botanical names india study channel. I just made some changes like additions and corrections. The botanical binomial system was devised to assign a unique botanical name to each plant and it works like family names. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. Plant list ordered by botanical name with pictures from. Pulse or pea family fabaceae cuamenchitl kamatsile pithecellobium.
Wellknown legumes include alfalfa, clover, beans, peas. Each indoor plant is given its main common name used and botanical scientific name. The a to z of plant names from acronychia oblongifolia to zieria smithii, the scientific or botanical names of plants are based on sound scientific principles. Botanicalonline is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Botanical name common name name of family distribution traditional uses of plants photo 1.
Animals do have scientific names which are analogous to. Glossary of pulses, cereals, spices, indian names for. Alphabetical list of crops with botanical name and crop code crop name botanical name icc code previous code 1 abaca manila hemp musa textilis 92 2. Botanicalonline is not responsible for selfmedication and recommends consulting with the physician. Botanical or scientific name for fruits fruit name botanical name botanical fruit name. It includes content provided to the pmc international archive by participating publishers. Boiled and steamed nutrient nutrient composition100g edible portion seeds, raw moisture, g 11. Abaca manila hemp musa textilis alfalfa for fodder medicago sativa alfalfa for seed medicago sativa almond prunus dulcis anise seeds pimpinella anisum apple malus sylvestris apricot prunus armeniaca areca betel nut areca catechu arracha arracacia xanthorrhiza arrowroot maranta arundinacea. Az animals, an online animal encyclopedia where you can learn about all your favourite animals, and even some you may have never heard of. Here we have listed 14 pulse and going to describe. Glossary of pulses, cereals, spices, indian names for common food products. I keep on doing my corrections often in the compilation.
Cereal crops are interchangeably called grain crops. A to z of animals by scientific name animals az animals. Botanical and common names, families, distribution. Codex alimentarius, cereals, pulses, legumes and vegetable.
Key concepts n legumes are among the three largest families of flowering plants and have a long history of use in agriculture. Botanical names are incomplete without writing authority name. Mostly because we are used to refer to these products in our regional names or hindi. Botanical and common names, families, distribution and use of plants sr. Beans phaseolus spp are vegetables that can be eaten whole when tender green beans and only the seeds dry beans when they are ripe and the outer pod is dried. Scientific names of the most common animals and plants. Waec gce past questions and answers free download pdf all subjects these are the approved waec gce. Interestingly enough, neither lily nor rose actually had botanical origins. Common, tagalog, and scientific names of fruits and vegetables 3 t 2 foreword t his publication was developed to provide information on local and scientific names of fruits and vegetables grown on guam. Although the protein quality is not as good as in meat generally due to low levels of the essential amino acid methionine, this can be corrected by incorporating grain legumes with cereals in the diet oregon state university, n. Crop plants of india a check list of scientific names. Cereal mixtures grade table iii prerequisite accreditation for cereals and pulses. Types include foliage, flowering, succulents and cacti. All food legumes also called edible grain legumes can be divided into two types.
Jul 27, 2015 if youre looking to find a common name for a plant and all you know is the botanical name, below is a alpha listing of the plant names to assist you in finding the common name. Plant names is a plain english guide to the use of plant names and the conventions for writing them as governed by the international code of botanical nomenclature and the international code of. Its for your information that the compilation of the tamil name to botanical name is not completely my work. Nov 28, 2019 today we will be talking about different types of pulses and their health benefits. Europe pmc is an elixir core data resource learn more. Pulses grow in pods and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors. Abelia a flower acaciaa tree acanthus adair from the oaktree ford adoette of the large tree afrodille french for daffodil aghaveaghfrom the field of ancient trees aiglentine resembling the sweet brier rose aiken of the oak tree. Actually, the human body is rather unique because, with the help of nature, it can regenerate. Cereals, pulses, legumes and vegetable proteins first edition codex standards for cereals, pulses, legumes and vegetable proteins and other related texts such as the code of practice for the prevention of mycotoxin contamination in cereals are published in this compact format to allow their.
Human food legume seeds also called pulses or grain legumes are second only to cereals as a source of human and animal food. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. The generic name is a noun, and the specific epithet is an adjective indicating which of the several members of the genus has been considered. At the present time each kind of plant is given a generic name followed by a specific name or epithet. You may find some of these oils difficult to find, but you can do very well with only a few of these these in your medicine chest to start with. Scientific research into plant biofortification, to increase the micronutrient content. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts a generic or genus name and a specific name or. If you want your botanical illustration to be taken seriously you need the full botanical latin name and some acquaintance with latin can be a big help here.
Most of us are confused when it comes to referring to pulses, cereals or spices in english. A detailed guide with images showing each of the different food products with their indian names. Thats why knowing the botanical or latin names is important, but thats not the only reason. Download as docx, pdf, txt or read online from scribd. Common english names are generally not known by college students. It is a large grouping of plants that consists of both useful plants agricultural crops and unuseful plants weeds. Grain legumes or pulses are excellent sources of protein and b vitamins in addition to carbohydrate. Nature has supplied everything we need for better health, but the rapid lifestyle of the modern people means that they cannot wait for the sluggish process of nature care. Start with the surname the plant genus, followed by the forename the specific epithet to create a unique plant species name for every plant.689 304 1361 1175 898 910 1015 1369 509 1081 583 5 1270 737 1015 446 391 1537 1143 228 235 1287 96 1421 1367 958 940 776 1519 641 239 854 199 1022 275 4 1395 647 1263